Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on The Gaia Hypothesis - 1960 Words

The Gaia Hypothesis The Gaia Hypothesis is a hypothesis that was developed by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis in the late 1970s. James Lovelock is a British scientist, an atmospheric chemist, and also an inventor with an education in human physiology. Lynn Margulis was a microbiologist during the 1970s at Boston University. She also originated the theory of the eukaryotic cell arising as a result of endosymbiotic cell capture. This theory is the one that gave her the credibility to advance the Gaia Hypothesis. Since every hypothesis takes the form of an if/then statement, the Gaia Hypothesis namely is an if/then statement. Summarized the Gaia Hypothesis is If life regulates the physical and chemical environment of the†¦show more content†¦This specific metaphor was originated by Lewis Thomas, a medical doctor. (Oceans, p.2). James W. Kirchner, a scientist, believes that this hypothesis can be compared to the writing of Shakespeare. Shakespeare stated that, All the worlds a stage, an d the Gaia Hypothesis states that, All the world is a living organism. (Oceans, p.2). Kirchner believes that metaphors inspire fruitful speculation, but that metaphors themselves are untestable. Lovelock has a separate metaphor for Gaia. Lovelock states that he sees Gaia as being like a tree. A tree that quietly exists, never moving except to sway in the wind, yet endlessly conversing with the sunlight and the soil. Using sunlight and water and nutrient minerals to grow and change. (Charlton, p.2). Another metaphor for Gaia is that it has been seen to be like a California Redwood. The redwoods tissue is 97% dead. The trunk has a thin layer of living organisms spread across its surface, and this is similar to the earths lithosphere. The bark is seen to be like the Earths atmosphere. The atmosphere is the protective coating on the Earth. The atmosphere protects the Earth like the bark protects the tree. The bark, like the atmosphere, allows the transfer of important gas ses, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide. While much of the Earth may be considered non-living, the fact that all of these non-living parts are involved to some extent in livingShow MoreRelatedThe Gaia Hypothesis Essay1295 Words   |  6 PagesThe Gaia Hypothesis In the early 1960s, James Lovelock was invited by NASA to participate in the scientific research for evidence of life on Mars. His job was to design instruments, capable of detecting the presence of life, which could be sent on a spacecraft to Mars. This led him to think about what constitutes life, and how it can be detected. He decided that the most general characteristic of life was that it takes in energy and matter and discards waste productsRead More Gaia: Argument over a single word Essay2082 Words   |  9 PagesGaia: Argument over a single word THESIS: Life on earth has been considered by some as a purposeful interaction tending toward ecological stability. However, when the scientific community led by James Lovelock tried to match this concept with science, it was (and continues to be) a dilemma. Introduction Whenever one hears the word Gaia, he or she will also hear life, goddess, purpose, ecology, and undoubtedly controversy. Not many topics have provoked more controversy among the scientificRead MoreEssay on The Vanishing Face of Gaia3403 Words   |  14 PagesReference: Lovelock, James, The Vanishing Face of Gaia A Final Warning, Allen Lane an imprint of Penguin Books, London, England.2009, 178 pages. Basic Information: Title: The Vanishing Face of Gaia A Final Warning   Author: James Lovelock   Year of publication: London, England in 2009   Publisher: Penguin Books LTD   Number of pages: 178 pages About the author: James Lovelock was born on July 26, 1919 in Letchworth Garden City in the United KingdomRead More Global Warming: A Theory of Accelerating Process of Climate Change2015 Words   |  9 Pageswarming explaining the phenomena of accelerating change in the number and size of weather-related disturbances. This is a synthesis of three books: Al Gores an inconvenient truth, Stuart Kauffmans At Home in the Universe, and Dr. James Lovelocks Gaia: A new look at life on Earth, presenting a theory predicting the general parameters of global warming over the coming years. 1. Introduction. This paper is intended as a starting point for creating a framework within which to discuss andRead MoreClimate Change And The Global Economy1316 Words   |  6 Pageselsewhere. The resilience strategy is to live with not against the natural systems, and to understand the fluctuations of the natural world(Timmerman, n.d). As the Gaia hypothesis suggest, the Earth is a maternal, and self regulating platform, in which organisms function( Timmerman, 2009). In contrast, the Medea hypothesis articulates that the Earth is not as fond of life as Gaiist believe, and that our history is a collection of extinctions and massive ecological disasters on a planetaryRead MoreThe Lively Earth: Important Features Make the Earth Unique2753 Words   |  12 Pagesincoming from the sun. This reduction of solar radiation lowers down the atmospheric temperature dramatically which allows organisms to survive. The Earth would not be so unique among the solar system when missing either one of the systems. The Gaia hypothesis links this concept and indicates the Earth is a giant self-regulating system. The interactions of the organisms with their abiotic environments modified the condition of the Earth such as oxygen content and atmospheric temperature, making theRead MoreEnvironmental Science Worksheet Essay990 Words   |  4 Pages 2011, Ch. 4). 4. How do principles of system theory apply to the Earth as a living system? Explain interactions between humans and natural ecosystems. The system theory and especially the Gaia Hypothesis see the Earth as a living system. According to this hypothesis, life changes the environment for the continuation of life. Hence the conclusion is the Earth can achieve physiological self†regulation. The principles of the system theory can be summed as follows: systems respondRead MoreSecular and Religious Approaches to Environment Issues1949 Words   |  8 Pagesthing to do. However, he does not back this up with his reason. The last of the secular approaches that I am going to use is James Lovelocks’ Gaia Hypothesis. He believed in eco-holism – all ecosystems and living things are interdependent. The Gaia hypothesis challenges the view that humans are the most important species. He looked at the world through Gaia – Earth from space. What he saw was a self-regulating system – almost like a living being. He believes that the earth is unified, holistic livingRead More The Environmental Importance of Office Paper Recycling933 Words   |  4 Pagesgases in the atmosphere. The result is that more heat is trapped in the system, increasing the global temperature by 1 ° C (about 1.8 ° F). Because the earth is a closed system, these issues are of major concern to environmentalists. As the â€Å"Gaia Hypothesis† states it, we are sustained by a single living system, meaning that we rely on it for our survival, in which all the parts are interconnected and everything we do affects it globally. For instance, as more heat is trapped in the atmosphere,Read MoreRawls Justice Is Fairness1030 Words   |  5 Pagessecond principle gives a reason for this, in that an inequality is permitted if the authorizing society will make this inequality available to everyone. Also the inequalities will be to the benefit of everyone in their social class. To dare this hypothesis Rawls put reasonable people in the scenario he envisioned. When one does this and only after one does this will one truly understand how strong or weak their scenario actually is. A scenario is weakened with every event of a principle failing and

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Essay on Challenging Gender Roles in English Society

Challenging Gender Roles in English Society The age of Shakespeare was characterized by an overwhelming tendency for women to be looked down upon as the inferior gender. Women of the time were expected to be submissive, dutiful, obedient, and predominantly silent. The idea of an independent, out-spoken woman would have challenged all of the societal values of the time. Shakespeare, however, challenged the traditional patriarchal values of his time by introducing powerful and highly influential female characters in some of his most memorable plays. Lady Macbeth and her earlier counterpart, Volumnia, both serve pivotal roles as dominant and commanding mother figures and also challenge the traditional role of the dutiful wife. Both†¦show more content†¦16-18). Lady Macbeth recognizes that her husband’s impressionable nature leaves him vulnerable. His inability to withstand the pressures of his conscience presents Lady Macbeth with the difficult and irritating task of convincing him to perform the actions which could provide him with lasting success. In her own mind, there is no question as to the necessity of carrying out such actions; the only difficulty lies in emboldening her hesitant spouse. Her own husband recognizes her overwhelming intensity as being more attributable to males saying, â€Å"Bring forth men-children only! / For thy undaunted mettle should compose / Nothing but males† (Macbeth 1.7. 73-75). In this instance, Macbeth is facing the realization of his wife’s strength as well as his own weakness. Lady Macbeth is effectively challenging his manhood by employing traditional male attributes better than he. Macbeth realizes that his wife’s nature is undesirable in terms of societal expectations for a female. The traits which his rambunctious wife possesses are, in reality, suitable only for males. As William Hazlitt suggests, â€Å"†¦obdurate strength of will and masculine firmness give her the ascendancy over her husband’s faltering virtue† (Hazlitt 14). Whereas Macbeth appears to be the more impressionable character who is easily swayed, Lady Macbeth is portrayed with the traits of a more traditional male character. She recognizes her own strength and power over herShow MoreRelatedReview of the Article Sex Stereotyping Managerial Positions859 Words   |  3 Pages Article review: Global leadership Exercising leadership can be challenging even in a uni-cultural context. Leadership needs vary from situation to situation, and organizational culture to organizational culture. This becomes even more sharply manifest in multicultural arenas. The 2012 article Sex stereotyping managerial positions from Gender in Management discusses a common leadership challenge--the difficulty of female managers to exert their authority differs in an American versus an EgyptianRead MoreGender, Racial, Violence, And Other Forms Of Discrimination1438 Words   |  6 PagesEric Vasquez Mrs. Fishman English 11CP 8 May 2015 English Multigenre Charlotte Bunch once said â€Å"Sexual, racial, gender, violence, and other forms of discrimination and violence in a culture cannot be eliminated without changing culture.† Our society experiences all of these problems and I would like to focus on the gender perspective in the 21st century and how women have had more of an influence in music than people actually realize. Men have dominated the music industry and business but womenRead MoreMale Daughters Femals Husbands Essay1338 Words   |  6 Pagesbecause I have always been curious about the role of women in non western countries and why they were viewed as being subservient to men by their own as well as the western world. Ifi Amadiume, a Nigerian sociologist with a London University doctorate, conducted research in her own family area to study gender and sex in an African Society. Challenging the received orthodoxies of social anthropology, Ifi Amadiume argues that in precolonial society, sex and gender did not necess arily coincide. In the bookRead MoreThe Pygmalion, By George Bernard Shaw And The Film Pretty Woman1629 Words   |  7 Pages Year 11 English Extension 1 Task Critical Essay: Appropriation of a Key Text HOW HAVE THE TEXTS YOU HAVE STUDIED EXPLORED SOCIAL VALUES? Isabel Xu (Giuffrida) â€Æ' As appropriations of the Pygmalion myth, the play Pygmalion (1913) written by George Bernard Shaw and the film Pretty Woman (1990) directed by Garry Marshall utilise different text form as a medium to deliver criticism and commentary on the traditionally defined gender roles and the basis of making class distinctions in their respectiveRead MoreHow Mentoring Is Beneficial For The Workplace As Well As A Fulfilling Love For One s Career809 Words   |  4 PagesMentors and protà ©gà ©Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s work on challenging tasks and activities together, in an effort to enhance the skills of the protà ©gà ©. The earlier a protà ©gà © is taken under the wing of a mentor proves extremely beneficial. As we have learned white males are the majority opposed to women, ethnic women, and minorities. The means that the chances of the mentor being a white male is extremely high, whereas the protà ©gà ©s are likely to be any form of minority. It is often challenging to minorities (especially women)Read MoreThe Oriental And Gender Stereotype1230 Words   |  5 Pagesindy Coronado March 2, 15 HILD 7B A10923676 TA: Josh Newton 1:00-1:50 The Oriental and Gender Stereotype M.Butterfly, an opera by David Huang, is recognized as a reexamination of John Luther Long’s Madame Butterfly. During the beginning of the 20th century, Asian and Asian Americans were often perceived to a collective stereotype. Well-defined differences between the American Westerner and the Oriental are undermined in both of these readings as â€Å"the west† is seen as the more masculine region andRead More Glorifying the Tudor Dynasty: Shakespeares Richard III and the Perfect Villain 998 Words   |  4 Pagespatronizing of theatre, which lead it to gain popularity among England. The sixteenth and early seventeenth century witnessed a period of English nationalism, evidently shown through diffused texts in the English language, rather than in Latin. Additionally, the Queen supported playwrights such as William Shakespeare, which lead to depictions of Elizabethan society in his plays. Consequently, influences from London and the royal family influenced plays such as Ric hard III. Specifically, the play affectedRead MoreElizabeth : The Forgotten Years Essay1577 Words   |  7 Pagesreformation all while challenging the patriarchal nature of English society. The book reveals the challenges Elizabeth faced as a female monarch such as overcoming traditional gender roles, immense pressure to marry, preoccupation with her gender rather than her rank, presumed military inadequacy of women, and establishing herself as a ruler in a country mastered by men. Due to early-modern English society’s highly patriarchal nature in terms of attitudes, structure and laws, Elizabeth’s role as a monarchRead MoreWomen s Movement : Escape As A Post Feminism940 Words   |  4 PagesEscape as Transgression in North American Feminist Fiction,† Heidi Macpherson explores the grounds behind female escape in feminist theory and argues that there is no clear escape from society. Although there are multiple means of escaping, one cannot fully escape from society and one is usually forced back into society. With this idea in mind, she critically explores the limitless and boundless abilities of female escape works in North America by providing her readers with a sense of how feminism,Read MoreJohn Stuart Mill s Women1002 Words   |  5 Pages Feminist to the Highest Degree John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873) was an English philosopher, political economist, and most surprising to me, a feminist. He believed that the common notion that women are inferior to men â€Å"ought to be replaced by a principle of perfect equality, admitting no power or privilege on the one side, nor disability on the other.† This principle is definitely something I can stand behind, and I have to say I was overjoyed to read Mill’s The Subjection of Women. While discussing

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Indian Society and Social Systems in India Free Essays

Indian society is multifaceted to an extent perhaps unknown in any other of the world’s great civilizations. Virtually no generalization made about Indian society is valid for all of the nation’s multifarious groups. Comprehending the complexities of Indian social structure has challenged scholars and other observers over many decades. We will write a custom essay sample on Indian Society and Social Systems in India or any similar topic only for you Order Now The ethnic and linguistic diversity of Indian civilization is more like the diversity of an area as variable as Europe than like that of any other single nation-state. Living within the embrace of the Indian nation are vast numbers of different regional, social, and economic groups, each with different cultural practices. Particularly noteworthy are differences between social structures in the north and the south, especially in the realm of kinship systems. Throughout the country, religious differences can be significant, especially between the Hindu majority and the large Muslim minority; and other Indian groups–Buddhists, Christians, Jains, Jews, Parsis, Sikhs, and practitioners of tribal religions–all pride themselves on being unlike members of other faiths. Access to wealth and power varies considerably, and vast differences in socioeconomic status are evident everywhere. The poor and the wealthy live side by side in urban and rural areas. It is common in city life to see a prosperous, well-fed man or woman chauffeured in a fine car pass gaunt street dwellers huddled beneath burlap shelters along the roadway. In many villages, solid cement houses of landowners rise not far from the flimsy thatched shacks of landless laborers. Even when not so obvious, distinctions of class are found in almost every settlement in India. Urban-rural differences can be immense in the Indian Society. Nearly 74 percent of India’s population dwells in villages, with agriculture providing support for most of these rural residents. In villages, mud-plastered walls ornamented with traditional designs, dusty lanes, herds of grazing cattle, and the songs of birds at sunset provide typical settings for the social lives of most Indians. In India’s great cities, however, millions of people live amidst cacophony–roaring vehicles, surging crowds, jammed apartment buildings, busy commercial establishments, loudspeakers blaring movie tunes–while breathing the poisons of industrial and automotive pollution. Gender distinctions are pronounced. The behavior expected of men and women can be quite different, especially in villages, but also in urban centers. Prescribed ideal gender roles help shape the actions of both sexes as they move between family and the world outside the home. Crosscutting and pervading all of these differences of region, language, wealth, status, religion, urbanity, and gender is the special feature of Indian society that has received most attention from observers: caste. The people of India belong to thousands of castes and castelike groups–hierarchically ordered, named groups into which members are born. Caste members are expected to marry within the group and follow caste rules pertaining to diet, avoidance of ritual pollution, and many other aspects of life. Given the vast diversity of Indian society, any observation must be tempered with the understanding that it cannot apply to all Indians. Still, certain themes or underlying principles of life are widely accepted in India. How to cite Indian Society and Social Systems in India, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

How To Structure An Essay On An Inspector Calls Example For Students

How To Structure An Essay On An Inspector Calls The role of Eva Smith in Inspector Calls is crucial to the development of the themes of the play. These themes are lies, love, pride, status, responsibility and Eva is crucial to the development of all these themes. She is never seen in this play but the whole play is set around her and she is the main character in all the acts. Eva represents the lower class and tries to bring about awareness to all class that watch the play. This play also deals with many issues which were very relevant then and some of them are still relevant today. This is why the play is still watched and loved today. We will write a custom essay on How To Structure An On An Inspector Calls specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The first of the Birlings Eva Smith came across was the arrogant capitalist Mr Birling who was her boss while she worked at his penny-pinching factory, in sub-standard conditions. She would have worked on machines most of the day. The conditions were some of the most dangerous around at the time. There were very strict rules which every person had to keep by. If they didnt keep by these stringent rules then they would be fined and the money would have came out of their modest wages. They could get fined for things that today would be considered petty. Some of these things where leaving there work area dirty laughing and talking, so as you can see it was very strict. This also shows how heart less the employers where and all they were bothered about was making money they didnt care about the people that worked for them one little bit. This then all got to Eva Smith and her working colleagues especially the low wages and the poor working conditions. They then decide that something had to be done about it and the best way to prove their point was to call a strike. Their demand from this strike was a increase in their wages from 22/-6d to 25/-. This was helped by trade unions that brought about awareness about working conditions. Previously Eva had been getting on with her job very well it was only after she came back from her holiday she wanted better rates. Eva had actually been recommend for promotion, and her relationship with Mr Birling had been fine before this point but after that everything went down hill for her at Birlings This strike went on for a couple of weeks but not having any money started hitting the girls, but still the greedy Mr Birling who feels that every penny in his pocket counts didnt move on the girls demands one little bit. Mr Birling said they where getting paid neither more nor less than is paid generally in our industry. Slowly some of the went back but Eva and many of her friends stayed and kept protesting. Mr Birling still kept strong and it paid off because the following week most of the girls went back to work keeping their usual rates. But for Eva and a couple of her work friends who had been the ringleaders of the strike they where given the sack. At the end of the day the strike on the whole for the complete work force was rather pointless as they lost a lot of money and for some of them they got the sack. But for Eva this worked out to her convenience, as we know. The strike and the way Mr Birling handles it just shows what type of character he is. His main and only concern throughout the strike is money and this just shows how hard-hearted he is. But Mr Birlings reaction and the way he treated the women was just the same as any businessman in those days. Women didnt have a high place in society and so that in turn meant that they where always given the minuimin and treated with less respect than a man would. Mrs Birling sums up the role of woman perfectly when you are married you will realise that men with important work to do sometimes have to spend nearly all their time and energy on their business. You will have to get used to that. Eva Smith and her friends tried to challenge this unwritten society rule, as we know they were unsuccessful. .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 , .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .postImageUrl , .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 , .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6:hover , .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6:visited , .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6:active { border:0!important; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6:active , .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6 .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u998df32da69336eaa1cfe5d3398bb1d6:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Thief and the Dogs EssayThe main way in which Mr Birling defends himself he is by saying that you all earn the same we where paying the usual rates, and get treated the same as any other person in any other company. But as we know this was unfair because women were given less respect in those days. I think the girls got what they always where going to get and that was no change. I dont think this is fair but that was the way it was in those days and the way it was going to be for a while afterwards. Mr Birling also tries to defend himself by saying that if he had given the girls the money then it would have set a precedent for other workers in other companies to do the same. So he was doing company bosses a big favour. After working in Birlings and getting the sack Eva moved on to Milwords, a well respected shop. Getting this job was a wonderful struck of luck, and was a change for her which she enjoyed. In this job she wasnt stuck to a chair all day working in dangerous conditions she had freedom to move and this is what she enjoyed. But one of the problems surrounding the job was there was no trade union and this was really going to affect her later on. One of the biggest differences in the job was that she was out on the shop front speaking to customers. This put pressure on her because she always had to be careful of what she said and did because the customer is always right, one little slip up could cost her and that is exactly what happened to Eva. The very naà ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½ve Sheila played a big role in the dismissal of Eva. She complained to the manager of Milwords as she had caught Eva laughing at her while she was trying an item of clothing on the in the shop. Eva was later dismissed from her job after Sheila had complained to the manager. This dismissal was the last one she was to have before she died and the job at Milwords was her last steady job. This sacking left Eva very down hearted. She never thought she had done anything wrong and was even more down hearted by the fact that she enjoyed the job. If she had a trade union then she could had argued the case of an unfair dismissal but she didnt, as shop workers didnt have trade unions while she was working there. If something like that happen at Birlings then she could have challenged for an unfair dismissal as you had a trade union at factories.

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

The Concept of Creativity

Introduction Based on the work of Kirby Ferguson, it can be stated that the concept of creativity arises not out of nothingness; rather, it is the result of applying ordinary mental tools within the mind onto existing materials in order to produce new results (Vogel et al., 2011). In order to better understand such a concept, it is important to first know what the various elements of creativity are and how they impact the creative process.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Concept of Creativity specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The elements of creativity are composed of the following: Cognitive – Cognitive elements within the creative process refer to an individual’s basic knowledge regarding particular processes (whether generalized or specializing in a specific field), their attraction towards complexity (e.g. their innate ability to analyze and combine ideas into new areas or dimensions ), their general open-mindedness towards new discoveries and finally their awareness of the creative process itself. Affective – Affective elements on the other hand refer to an individual’s intrinsic level of curiosity, willingness to explore, their ability to take risks and their general independence towards following generally accepted processes and procedures in order to attempt something new. Combined with the cognitive elements of creativity this in effect enables an individual to examine current processes from multiple angles and actually desire to implement new methods which could potentially improve such processes. Based on the study of De Miranda, Aranha Zardo (2009) which examines the development of creativity within individuals over time, it can be stated that as an individual’s cognitive and affective elements grow so too does their ability to explore and become more creative (De Miranda, Aranha Zardo, 2009). Personal – The personal aspect of creativity is slightly different in that it refers to an individual’s innate talent with a particular type of skill set as compared to something that was acquired over time.Advertising Looking for research paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When it comes to an individual’s personal perspective on creativity, this often takes the form of new concepts being applied to new experiences in order to create new outputs as compared to situations without sufficient creativity wherein new concepts/ideas are actually made to fit onto old theories which often results in inefficient or ineffective practices (Vogel et al., 2011). Motivational – The motivational aspect of the creative process is related to an individual’s drive towards a particular type of project, assignment, job or piece of work that they are currently working on. The desire to design, create and enhance in this particular c ase is not due to external influences but rather as a direct result of an internal desire which manifests itself as an aspect of the creative process. ( ) explains this by stating that creativity is not something that can be forced, rather, it is an internal process that develops as a direct result of the desire of a person to develop or enhance something they are working on. Thus, the motivational aspect of creativity is one of the most important elements since it acts as the spark which lights the fire of creativity in the first place. Applying Logical and Creative Problem Solving to Real World Problems When examining the work of Demirkan Hasirci (2009) on creativity and its various applications, it was noted that what we know as creativity at the present may have arisen as an evolutionary response to problems encountered by early humans on a daily basis (Demirkan Hasirci, 2009). Creativity, as described by Demirkan Hasirci (2009), can be considered a thought process that is me ant to address problematic situations in an alternative manner as compared to a more straightforward approach that became ineffective (Demirkan Hasirci, 2009). This manifests itself in various stages in a person’s life and attains its zenith during a person’s adult years when they become 30 to 35 years old. Logical and creative problem solving is thus limited not only by life experience, which is inversely proportional to age, but is also limited by a person’s inherent set of skills when it comes to particular problems (Holm-Hadulla Hofmann, 2012).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Concept of Creativity specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For example, an individual that utilizes logic and creativity when it come to resolving a problem related to electrical engineering, may not have the same level of creative thinking when it comes to resolving an issue involving computer graphics o r architecture (Holm-Hadulla Hofmann, 2012). Thus, logical thinking and creativity should not be considered applicable to all cases; rather, it would be more accurate to consider such factors being utilized in two distinct categories, namely: general experiences and specific knowledge (Joo, Song, Lim Yoon, 2012). General experiences is the application of logic and creativity on daily experiences, this can come in the form of daily social interactions, handling everyday tasks, as well as other actions that are normally associated with the daily activities of a normal person (Joo, Song, Lim Yoon, 2012). Specific knowledge on the other hand refers to the application of logic and creativity on actions/events that entail the application of unique pieces of knowledge that are applicable to individuals within specific fields (Lemons, 2005). This can entail the application of logic and creativity in aspects related to solving problems in architecture, computer programming, engineering an d other such activities that require extensive knowledge within a particular field. Hypothesized Application of Creative Problem Solving Hypothesis: Creativity is an essential part of the learning process due to the way in which it examines and tries to improve upon knowledge that has already been internalized. When it comes to the application of creativity, it is important to note that there are three essential elements that are present which result in the creative process. These elements are composed of the following concepts:Advertising Looking for research paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Copy – the element of copying within creativity is actually a manifestation of the learning process wherein people â€Å"copy† the relevant information they need and internalize it for later use. This internalization is an essential aspect of the process of creativity since it in effect acts as the initial blueprint from where all future ideas stem from. Transform – the element of transformation occurs when information that was initially copied and internalized is examined and thought of in new ways. While it has yet to be applied into anything specific, the information is no longer the same as it once was since it has been modified based on other perspectives and internalized concepts. Combine – the process of combination involves utilizing the transformed knowledge within a real life situation which in effect creates a new solution as compared to merely utilizing the knowledge in the same way in order to create the same solution. What must be understood is that creative problem solving can actually be utilized as a tool to improve learning by enabling an individual to perceive distinct problems from multiple angles. The inherent problem with linear methods of learning, which presents information in a straightforward fashion, is that it encourages people to think in only a certain way. While this may seem like a perfectly normal aspect of learning, the fact is that multifaceted approach is a far more effective means of learning and producing ideas as compared to a linear method of understanding. Linear learning results in an individual perceiving lessons in only a certain fashion and applying them in narrowly specific way, the inherent problem with this is that when presented with a situation that entails out of the box thinking, those who have been indoctrinated into a linear form of learning usually are not able to develop the necessary solutions to resolve a new issue. A multifaceted approach on the other hand utilizes focuses o n incorporating creative problem solving skills at the very inception of the lesson (Chen Chen, 2012). This means that learners are presented with multiple approaches to choose from and are guided towards choosing which option they perceive is the best course of action. By utilizing this particular method of learning, learners are thus able to adapt to different situations and are able to incorporate lessons that they learned into new situations they encounter (MacLaren, 2012). Evidence of improved learning outcomes when incorporating creative problem solving in the learning process can actually be seen in the case of the U.S. system of education (Livingston, 2010). At the present, funding for public schools within various U.S. districts is inherently connected to the performance of students in tests as well as in national tests administered by the government. Schools that have underperforming students based on government standards actually receive reduced funding due to what is pe rceived as a â€Å"failure â€Å"in the teaching ability of the school. It is due to this that public schools within the U.S. often implement a linear militaristic form of education wherein students are taught how to answer tests yet are not given the necessary tools to properly understand the lessons behind arriving at the answers (Chen Chen, 2012). As a result of such actions, it has been determined by numerous studies that a vast percentage of the present day generation of students within the U.S. public school system have been formed into nothing more than â€Å"parrots† who repeat answers and lack the sufficient ability to apply the lessons taught into actual situations (Livingston, 2010). On the other end of the spectrum, private schools within the U.S. implement an entirely different method of teaching which does not utilize a linear militaristic form of teaching, rather they utilize a multifaceted approach wherein they incorporate creative problem solving to variou s lessons and help students understand the processes behind the lessons being taught to them and how to properly apply such lessons within actual real world scenarios. The end result is that students from private schools in the U.S. have been shown to be far smarter and far more capable as compared to their counterparts in the public school system, Conclusion Based on what has been presented in this paper so far, it can be stated that creativity is an essential part of the learning process due to the way in which it examines and tries to improve upon knowledge that has already been internalized. Reference List Chen, I., Chen, J. (2012). Creativity strategy selection for the higher education system. Quality Quantity, 46(3), 739-750. De Miranda, P. C., Aranha, J. S., Zardo, J. (2009). Creativity: people, environment and culture, the key elements in its understanding and interpretation. Science   Public Policy (SPP), 36(7), 523-535. Demirkan, H., Hasirci, D. (2009). Hidden Dimens ions of Creativity Elements in Design Process. Creativity Research Journal, 21(2/3), 294-301. Holm-Hadulla, R., Hofmann, F. (2012). Counselling, psychotherapy and creativity.  Asia Pacific Journal Of Counselling Psychotherapy, 3(2), 130-136. Joo, B., Song, J., Lim, D., Yoon, S. (2012). Team creativity: the effects of perceived learning culture, developmental feedback and team cohesion. International  Journal Of Training Development, 16(2), 77-91. Lemons, G. (2005). When the Horse Drinks: Enhancing Everyday Creativity Using Elements of Improvisation. Creativity Research Journal, 17(1), 25-36. Livingston, L. (2010). Teaching Creativity in Higher Education. Arts Education Policy  Review, 111(2), 59-62. MacLaren, I. (2012). The contradictions of policy and practice: creativity in higher education. London Review Of Education, 10(2), 159-172 Vogel, T., Villegas, J., Barry, I., Hurni, R., Ortega, T., Griffin, G. (2011). Creativity as a strategic resource. American Academy Of Adv ertising Conference Proceedings, 132-133. This research paper on The Concept of Creativity was written and submitted by user Julissa C. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Free Essays on Hipocricy And Self Delusion In “The Enormous Radio”

Hipocricy and Self Delusion in â€Å"The Enormous Radio† Everyone likes to get away from their daily lives and forget about their troubles every once in a while. We may take a vacation or escape from reality by watching a movie. Once the film or trip is over though, we must face our problems once again. In â€Å"The enormous Radio† however, Irene Wescott is on a permanent hiatus, denying her own flaws and constantly criticizing others. This story is about the way people can distract themselves from their own lives by getting involved in other people’s lives. Irene is shown to be a supercilious person through her actions. We first see Irene’s denial in her â€Å"coat of fitch skins dyed to resemble mink.†. She was â€Å"proud of her living room, she had chosen its furnishings and colors as carefully as she chose her clothes†¦Ã¢â‚¬  . Although she â€Å"was struck at once with the physical ugliness of the large gumwood cabinet,† she â€Å"decided that tone was most important and that she could conceal the cabinet behind a sofa† . Also her arrogance comes out when she tells her husband that â€Å"some woman in this building is having an affair with the handyman- with that hideous handyman.† She is more disturbed about who the woman is having the affair with than the fact that she is having an affair at all. Irene is so caught up in other peoples lives and so intent on escaping from her own reality, that she â€Å"had two Martinis at lunch, and she looked searchingly at her friend and wondered what her secrets were. They had intended to go shopping after lunch, but irene excused herself and went home.† It is no small thing for Irene to skip shopping as we see later in the story that she has run up quite a clothing bill. Her self delusion is never more evident in the story than in her response to Jim’s question, â€Å"Why do you have to listen to this stuff if it makes you so miserable?† Irene says, â€Å"Life is too terrible, too sor... Free Essays on Hipocricy And Self Delusion In â€Å"The Enormous Radio† Free Essays on Hipocricy And Self Delusion In â€Å"The Enormous Radio† Hipocricy and Self Delusion in â€Å"The Enormous Radio† Everyone likes to get away from their daily lives and forget about their troubles every once in a while. We may take a vacation or escape from reality by watching a movie. Once the film or trip is over though, we must face our problems once again. In â€Å"The enormous Radio† however, Irene Wescott is on a permanent hiatus, denying her own flaws and constantly criticizing others. This story is about the way people can distract themselves from their own lives by getting involved in other people’s lives. Irene is shown to be a supercilious person through her actions. We first see Irene’s denial in her â€Å"coat of fitch skins dyed to resemble mink.†. She was â€Å"proud of her living room, she had chosen its furnishings and colors as carefully as she chose her clothes†¦Ã¢â‚¬  . Although she â€Å"was struck at once with the physical ugliness of the large gumwood cabinet,† she â€Å"decided that tone was most important and that she could conceal the cabinet behind a sofa† . Also her arrogance comes out when she tells her husband that â€Å"some woman in this building is having an affair with the handyman- with that hideous handyman.† She is more disturbed about who the woman is having the affair with than the fact that she is having an affair at all. Irene is so caught up in other peoples lives and so intent on escaping from her own reality, that she â€Å"had two Martinis at lunch, and she looked searchingly at her friend and wondered what her secrets were. They had intended to go shopping after lunch, but irene excused herself and went home.† It is no small thing for Irene to skip shopping as we see later in the story that she has run up quite a clothing bill. Her self delusion is never more evident in the story than in her response to Jim’s question, â€Å"Why do you have to listen to this stuff if it makes you so miserable?† Irene says, â€Å"Life is too terrible, too sor...

Thursday, February 20, 2020

To Do the Right Thing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

To Do the Right Thing - Essay Example Lies, even the smallest ones, weaken relationships and lead to bigger problems down the road. When I sat and thought about what Learner spoke, i felt, most people in principle would agree that lying is wrong. However, I believe that lying is much more than the untruths that can come out of one's mouth. It is, too often, also in the way one lives their life. There is no justification for a lie, no matter what its form. An essay such as this allows one to sit for a few moments and examine his life. I found myself sitting here thinking about what examples I could share that were a 'good enough' to be recognized as a lie while, at the same time, maintain a balance so that it would somehow seem acceptable. The reader may see my words and think to himself that, given the same situation, he would do the act or speak likewise; that somehow his justification would make my lie right. In doing that very thing, I was, in effect, doing what I had just stated was never justified. I was making my own life, my very existence, into a lie. Not in word, perhaps, but a lie, none the less. So, in truth, I offer you an example of a lie within my own life. In trying to convince ourselves that, somehow, there must be a reason for telling a lie no matter for what reason, I found myself imaging what it would be like to live in a place where exactly wha